given dominion over all the animals. There are three types of authority. In the olden days, it was the basic … Maybe you get a mental picture of the president or Congress. 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 4a, Middle English auctorite, from Anglo-French auctorité, from Latin auctoritat-, auctoritas opinion, decision, power, from auctor — see author entry 1. The records of the activities of the traditional authority are to be found in the pages of history. This tendency has become more and more pronounced in the age of globalisation.
It means that authority, whatever may its nature be, is always based on law or legitimacy. All factors of production are coordinated in order to achieve organisational objectives.
An entrepreneur organizes various factors of production like land, labour, capital, machinery, etc. It also admits of independent existence of the interests.
The nation states of the earlier epochs are being cornered by this advancement of large corporate bodies. Organisation helps in dividing the work into related activities so that they are assigned to different individuals.
But people, out of tear, obey the order of the person who holds and exercises power.
Accessed 28 Sep. 2020. Different people use different terms to denote power. According to Terry organisation is the creation of relationship among persons and work so that it may be carried on in a better and efficient way. It is subject to change and it has source. Northcott, ‘The arrangement by which tasks are assigned to men and women so that their individual efforts contribute effectively to some more or less clearly defined purpose for which they have been brought together”. Disclaimer 9. Leslie Lipson (The Great Issues of Politics) thinks that power is nothing but the ability to achieve results through concerted action. “Authority.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/authority. “Authority can most simply be defined as legitimate power…….. Authority is, therefore, based on an acknowledged duty to obey rather than on any form of coercion or manipulation. Thus, in a capitalist society there are at least two (and in many cases more than two) centres of power—one is state and the other is corporate.
Karl Deutsch says that power means the ability to be involved in conflict, to resolve it and to remove the obstacles. In almost all the modern states this type of authority is generally found. the empire extended its sway over the region dominion stresses sovereign power or supreme authority.
Power also means the ability to do something.
In Latin “Potestas” is commonly used. In any society there are diverse interests and all are alike. According to Northcott the purpose of organisation is to co-ordinate the activities of various individuals working in the organisation for the attainment of enterprise goals. used her influence to get the bill passed authority implies the power of winning devotion or allegiance or of compelling acceptance and belief. All efforts should be made to co-ordinate different activities for running the units efficiently so that cost of production may be reduced and profitability of the unit may be increased. you are responsible for the students under your control command implies the power to make arbitrary decisions and compel obedience. But people show obligation to the authority on the ground that it is legally entitled to claim obligation. Fifthly, power (used in political science) is a very complex notion. The authority and responsibility is fixed at various levels. by R. S. Peters, published in Political Philosophy. There is no place of whims and the rationality in such authority. These are the common interpretations of power. However, the conflicts among the classes sometimes lead to the other conflicts and this is the general characteristic of capitalist society.
Various activities are assigned to different persons for their efficient accomplishment. So it is said that the authority is not only legal but authorities claim is based on right. C.H. Management tries to combine various business activities to accomplish predetermined goals.
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