In the first known version of the lyrics, as published in The Vocal magazine of 1778, there are two significant textual discrepancies from later publications. Smith outlived both Ralph Tomlinson and the Anacreontic Society by several decades before dying in 1836. Stevens writes that he "regularly attended" the Society around this time. Particular interest attaches to the first Longman & Broderip edition of the music, published between 1777 and 1781. John Marsh records that he attended a meeting of the Anacreontic Society at the London Coffee House. First page of the A. Blands edition (c. 1784–1790), the ambiguity inheres in whether the word "Author" refers to the author of the, Lichtenwanger's article predates the publication of Marsh's journals. It was first held at the London Coffee House, on Ludgate Hill, but the room being found too small, it was removed to the Crown and Anchor Tavern in the Strand, then kept by one Holloway. In this passage, Stevens is speaking of the year 1777: The Evenings entertainment began at seven O Clock, with a Concert, chiefly of instrumental Music; it was not very uncommon to have some Vocal Music interspersed with the Instrumental. Note: This poem, "To Anacreon in Heaven," was written in 1770 by Ralph Tomlinson, president of the Anacreontic Society, a social club of well-to-do Londoners, as the society's drinking song. Tomlinson was President.

"The Anacreontic Song", also known by its incipit "To Anacreon in Heaven", was the official song of the Anacreontic Society, an 18th-century gentlemen's club of amateur musicians in London. During his lifetime, the melody of the Song was set to other texts (most notably the "Defence of Fort McHenry" as discussed below) and became extremely popular. The Star-Spangled Banner: Origin of the melody, The Star-Spangled Banner: Francis Scott Key and The Star-Spangled Banner. After the Anacreontic Song had been sung, in the Chorus of the last verse of which, all the Members, Visitors, and Performers, joined, "hand in hand," we were entertained by the performance of various celebrated Catches, Glees, Songs, Duettos, and other Vocal, with some Rhetorical compositions, till twelve O Clock.[5]. Another reference is found in the long-unpublished Recollections of Richard John Samuel Stevens (1757-1837). The following melody is taken from the first Longman & Broderip edition: The song, through its bawdy lyrics, gained popularity in London and elsewhere beyond the Anacreontic Society. The date of the composition of the Song is uncertain. Smith, the son of the organist of Gloucester Cathedral, was sent at a young age to sing in the Chapel Royal, and thereafter soon established himself in the capital. An Irish correspondent swore that his mother always said that the "'Royal Inniskilling' was mother to 'The Star-Spangled Banner.'"

There is no comment submitted by members.. © Poems are the property of their respective owners. [32] Later retitled "The Star-Spangled Banner", Key's lyrics, set to Stafford Smith's music, became a well-known and recognized patriotic song throughout the United States, and was officially designated as the U.S. national anthem on 3 March 1931. ", UVa Library: Exhibits: Lift Every Voice: Patriotic Odes,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. After the initial concert and meal, the Song would be sung in order to open the after-supper, more light-hearted part of proceedings. The verses, which are difficult to sing because of their wide range, would be sung by a solo singer, with the entire Society joining in the refrain. Like all early lyric poetry, it was composed to be sung or recited to the accompaniment of music, usually the lyre. [15][16] However, no alternative story for the music's origins (whether as the work of a different composer or as a pre-existing tune) ever gained a consensus among historians. Key specifically wrote the lyrics with this familiar patriotic tune in mind, just as he had done with an earlier set of his lyrics, "When the Warrior Returns", in which he had made similar use of "star-spangled banner" imagery. Its members, who consisted mainly of wealthy men of high social rank, would meet on Wednesday evenings to combine musical appreciation with eating and drinking. Smith was a published composer by 1772, subsequently winning two composition prizes from the London Catch Club in 1773.

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